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Bennett Wright
Bennett Wright

Learn Go with Kali Linux: The Ultimate Resource for Penetration Testing


How to Download and Install Go on Kali Linux




Go is an open-source programming language that is designed for building fast, reliable, and scalable software. It is widely used for developing web applications, network servers, command-line tools, and more. Go is also a popular choice for security professionals, as it offers many features and advantages for penetration testing, security research, and ethical hacking.




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In this article, you will learn how to download and install Go on Kali Linux, a Debian-based Linux distribution that is specially designed for various information security tasks. You will also learn how to verify the installation and run a simple Go program, as well as some common issues and solutions for using Go on Kali Linux.


Prerequisites




Before you start, make sure you have the following:


  • A working Kali Linux system with internet access. You can use a physical machine, a virtual machine, or a live USB.



  • Basic knowledge of Linux commands and terminal. You will need to use the terminal to download, install, and run Go.



How to Download and Install Go on Kali Linux




There are two main ways to download and install Go on Kali Linux: using the package manager or using the archive from the official website. We will cover both methods in this section.


Using the Package Manager




The easiest way to install Go on Kali Linux is to use the package manager, which is apt in this case. This will automatically install the latest version of Go that is available in the Kali repositories, along with any dependencies or packages that are required.


To install Go using the package manager, open a terminal and run the following command:


sudo apt-get install golang


Enter your password when prompted and wait for the installation to complete. You can check if Go is installed by running the following command:


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go version


This should print the installed version of Go, something like this:


go version go1.17.6 linux/amd64


Using the Archive from the Official Website




If you want to install a specific version of Go that is not available in the Kali repositories, or if you want to have more control over the installation process, you can use the archive from the official website. This will allow you to download and extract the files manually to a location of your choice.


To install Go from the archive, follow these steps:


  • Open your web browser and visit . This is where you can find all the available versions of Go for different platforms.



  • Download the latest version for Linux gox.xx.x.linux-amd64.tar.gz. You can either click on it or copy its link address and use wget or curl to download it from the terminal.



  • Open your terminal and navigate to your downloads folder cd /root/Downloads.



  • Extract the files tar -C /usr/local/ -xzf go1. 17.6.linux-amd64.tar.gz. This will create a folder called go in the /usr/local/ directory.



  • Add the /usr/local/go/bin directory to your PATH environment variable. You can do this by editing your /.bashrc file and adding the following line at the end: export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin. Save and close the file.



  • Reload your /.bashrc file by running the following command: source /.bashrc. This will apply the changes to your current session.



  • Check if Go is installed by running the following command: go version. This should print the installed version of Go, something like this: go version go1.17.6 linux/amd64.



How to Verify the Installation and Run a Simple Go Program




Now that you have installed Go on Kali Linux, you can verify that it is working properly and run a simple Go program. To do this, follow these steps:


  • Check the Go version and environment variables by running the following commands: go version and go env. These should print the installed version of Go and the values of some important variables, such as GOPATH, GOROOT, GOOS, GOARCH, etc.



  • Create a hello world program and run it. You can use any text editor to create a file called hello.go in your home directory with the following content:



package main import "fmt" func main() fmt.Println("Hello, world!")


  • Save and close the file. Then, open your terminal and navigate to your home directory cd /root.



  • Run the program by typing the following command: go run hello.go. This should print Hello, world! on the screen.



Common Issues and Solutions for Go on Kali Linux




While using Go on Kali Linux, you may encounter some common issues or errors that can prevent you from running or compiling your programs. Here are some of them and how to fix them:


Missing Dependencies or Packages




If you try to run or compile a Go program that imports some external packages or libraries that are not installed on your system, you may get an error message like this:


cannot find package "github.com/some/package" in any of: /usr/local/go/src/github.com/some/package (from $GOROOT) /root/go/src/github.com/some/package (from $GOPATH)


This means that you need to install the missing package using the go get command. For example, to install the package github.com/some/package, you would run:


go get github.com/some/package


This will download and install the package in your GOPATH directory, which is usually /root/go by default. You can then run or compile your program again.


Incorrect Path or Permissions




If you try to run or compile a Go program that is located in a directory that is not in your GOPATH or GOROOT, or that has incorrect permissions, you may get an error message like this:


go: cannot find main module; see 'go help modules'


This means that you need to either move your program to a directory that is in your GOPATH or GOROOT, or change its permissions to make it executable. For example, if your program is in /tmp/hello.go, you would either run:


mv /tmp/hello.go /root/go/src/hello.go


or:


chmod +x /tmp/hello.go


You can then run or compile your program again.


Compilation or Runtime Errors




If you try to run or compile a Go program that has some syntax errors, logical errors, or runtime errors, you may get an error message like this:


# command-line-arguments ./hello.go:5:14: syntax error: unexpected newline, expecting comma or ) exit status 2


This means that you need to fix the errors in your code before running or compiling it. You can use a code editor that has syntax highlighting and error checking features, such as Visual Studio Code, Atom, Sublime Text, etc. You can also use online tools such as to test and debug your code.


Conclusion




In this article, you have learned how to download and install Go on Kali Linux, a powerful Linux distribution for security professionals. You have also learned how to verify the installation and run a simple Go program, as well as some common issues and solutions for using Go on Kali Linux.


Go is a great programming language for developing fast, reliable, and scalable software, especially for web applications, network servers, command-line tools, and more. It is also a popular choice for security professionals, as it offers many features and advantages for penetration testing, security research, and ethical hacking.


If you want to learn more about Go and Kali Linux, here are some resources that you can check out:


  • The official documentation of Go, where you can find tutorials, guides, references, and more.



The official documentation of Kali Linux, where you can find installation instructions, tools descriptions,


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